This policy outlines essential aspects of authorship, including criteria, order, conflict of interest disclosure, acknowledgments, corresponding author responsibilities, and changes in authorship. Adhering to these principles ensures proper credit allocation and promotes the integrity of the publication process.
Authorship criteria: Authors should have made significant contributions to the research and be able to take responsibility for the content of the article. The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) provides the following criteria for authorship: (a) substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; (b) drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and (c) final approval of the version to be published. All three criteria must be met for authorship.
Order of authorship: The order of authors should reflect the relative contribution of each author to the work. The senior or corresponding author should ensure that all authors meet the authorship criteria and that their contributions are accurately reflected. The journal or publisher should also require a statement from the authors indicating their specific contributions to the work.
Conflict of interest: Authors should disclose any potential conflicts of interest that may influence their work. This includes financial, personal, or professional relationships that may be perceived as influencing the content of the article. The journal or publisher should provide clear guidance on what constitutes a conflict of interest and how it should be disclosed.
Acknowledgments: Contributions that do not meet the authorship criteria, such as technical assistance or funding, should be acknowledged in the article. This includes identifying the sources of financial support for the work.
Changes in Authorship: Changes to authorship after publication should be restricted and subject to editorial review, with clear procedures in place for requesting changes and notifying all authors and stakeholders. Adhering to these policies can help promote the integrity of the publication process and ensure that all contributors receive appropriate credit for their work.
Affiliations: Authors should list their institutional affiliation(s) to clearly indicate their affiliation with the research institution(s) or organization(s) where the research was conducted. Affiliation can also help readers identify potential conflicts of interest, and may be required by some journals or publishers. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure that all authors list their correct affiliation(s), and that any changes to affiliation are communicated to the journal or publisher in a timely manner. By accurately reporting affiliation, authors can help ensure transparency and accountability in the publication process, and help readers understand the context of the research.
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