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Citation

Our citation policy ensures proper acknowledgment of sources in scientific writing, covering citation practices, styles, and plagiarism prevention. In-text citations and a reference list are required, while plagiarism is prohibited. This policy maintains research integrity and transparency.

Citation is an important aspect of scientific writing and is used to give credit to the original sources of information and ideas used in a research study. This citation policy aims to establish guidelines for proper citation practices, including how to cite sources, when to cite them, and the importance of avoiding plagiarism. This citation policy applies to all scientific research and technical documents the organisation produces, including research articles, grant proposals, conference presentations, and reports.

As a general rule, any sources that are cited in the text of a scientific research article should be included in the reference list. This includes all published works, unpublished works, and personal communications. The specific types of articles that may be included as references will depend on the field of study and the scope of the research project.

For example, in biomedical research, references may include articles from scientific journals, textbooks, conference proceedings, and clinical trial registries. In social science research, references may include journal articles, government reports, and survey data. In engineering and technology research, references may include patents, technical reports, and conference papers.

It is important to note that not all references are of equal importance or relevance to a particular research study. Authors should be selective in choosing which articles to include as references and only cite sources directly relevant to the research question or hypothesis being tested.

Guidelines

  1. Sources to be cited: All sources of information and ideas that are not original to the author must be cited. This includes all published works, unpublished works, and personal communication.
  2. Citation styles: Authors should use a standardized citation style appropriate for their field of study. We only accept the Vancouver citation style.
  3. In-text citations: In-text citations should indicate the source of a particular information or idea. The author's last name and year of publication should be included in parentheses after the relevant information.
  4. Reference list: A reference list should be included at the end of the document, listing all sources cited in the text. The reference list should be in alphabetical order and should follow the formatting guidelines of the chosen citation style.
  5. Plagiarism: Plagiarism, or using someone else's work without proper attribution, is strictly prohibited. Any instances of plagiarism will be addressed by the editorial team and may result in the rejection of the manuscript or revocation of publication privileges.

Enforcement

All authors, editors, and reviewers of scientific and technical documents produced by the organization are expected to comply with this citation policy. The editorial team will take care of any violations of this policy and, if necessary, correct them before publication.

Vancouver Style

Vancouver citation style, also known as the Vancouver system or uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals, is a widely used referencing style in medicine and biological sciences. It was developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) to standardize the citation of sources in academic writing. In the Vancouver style, references are numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first cited in the text, using Arabic numerals.

Here are examples of Vancouver-style citations for various sources: 

1. Journal Article: Author(s). Title of the article. Abbreviated Journal Name. Year; Volume(Issue):Page range. 

Example: Smith AB, Johnson CD. The role of genetics in cancer susceptibility. J Cancer Res. 2005;28(3):129-135. 

2. Web Page: Author(s). Title of the page. Website name. URL. Published date or access date (if no publication date is available).

Example: National Institutes of Health. Understanding Diabetes. MedlinePlus. https://medlineplus.gov/diabetes.html. Accessed March 15, 2023.

3. Book: Author(s). Title of the book. Edition number. Place of publication: Publisher; Year.

Example: Guyton AC, Hall JE. Textbook of Medical Physiology. 13th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016.

4. Book Chapter: Author(s) of the chapter. Title of the chapter. In: Editor(s) of the book. Title of the book. Edition number. Place of publication: Publisher; Year. Page range.

Example: Brown L, Smith P. Cardiovascular diseases. In: Anderson DM, ed. Internal Medicine: Principles and Practice. 2nd ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2018. p. 567-589.

In the Vancouver style, these citations are usually listed numerically in the order of appearance in the text. In the reference list, the numbers are not enclosed in parentheses or square brackets. Always refer to the style guide or publisher's instructions for accurate formatting.

We encourage authors to use the Mendeley citation manager.

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