Editorial Policy: Citations

Abd. Kakhar Umar
Tuesday, 14 February 2023

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Citation is an important aspect of scientific writing and is used to give credit to the original sources of information and ideas used in a research study. The purpose of this citation policy is to establish guidelines for proper citation practices, including how to cite sources, when to cite them, and the importance of avoiding plagiarism. This citation policy applies to all scientific research and technical documents produced by the organization, including research articles, grant proposals, conference presentations, and reports.

As a general rule, any sources that are cited in the text of a scientific research article should be included in the reference list. This includes all published works, unpublished works, and personal communications. The specific types of articles that may be included as references will depend on the field of study and the scope of the research project.

For example, in biomedical research, references may include articles from scientific journals, textbooks, conference proceedings, and clinical trial registries. In social science research, references may include journal articles, government reports, and survey data. In engineering and technology research, references may include patents, technical reports, and conference papers.

It is important to note that not all references are of equal importance or relevance to a particular research study. Authors should be selective in choosing which articles to include as references and should only cite sources that are directly relevant to the research question or hypothesis being tested.


Sources to be Cited: All sources of information and ideas that are not original to the author must be cited. This includes all published works, unpublished works, and personal communication.

Citation Styles: Authors should use a standardized citation style appropriate for their field of study. The most commonly used citation styles include the American Psychological Association (APA), Modern Language Association (MLA), and Chicago Manual of Style.

In-Text Citations: In-text citations should be used to indicate the source of a particular piece of information or idea. The author's last name and year of publication should be included in parentheses after the relevant information.

Reference List: A reference list should be included at the end of the document, listing all sources that were cited in the text. The reference list should be in alphabetical order and should follow the formatting guidelines of the chosen citation style.

Plagiarism: Plagiarism, or the use of someone else's work without proper attribution, is strictly prohibited. Any instances of plagiarism will be addressed by the editorial team and may result in the rejection of the manuscript or revocation of publication privileges.


All authors, editors, and reviewers of scientific and technical documents produced by the organization are expected to comply with this citation policy. Any violations of this policy will be addressed by the editorial team and, if necessary, corrected before publication.

This citation policy is designed to ensure that all sources of information and ideas used in scientific research and technical writing are properly credited. By following these guidelines, authors can promote the integrity and transparency of their research, and maintain the trust of the scientific community.


In-text citations Reference list Plagiarism prevention Citation styles Proper attribution

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